This article contains a list of project ideas, which can be used for projects and getting hands-on experience in Natural Language Processing. While "Hello World" problems helps in quick onboarding, the following 10 "Real World" problems should make you feel more comfortable solving NLP problems in the future. Each idea includes a link to a freely available public dataset, as well as suggested algorithm to solve the problem.
Part of course:
List of NLP Project Ideas (including Datasets)