Mitosis is a process where a single cell divides into two identical daughter cells (cell division). The stages of Mitosis can be compared to a Football Team. The first part of growth by a cell before mitosis is called the G1 phase which are like the off season transactions of the team. The S phase is the synthesis stage in which the cell makes a copy of its nuclear DNA, that is cells replicate chromosomes. Its like players gaining muscle in the off season. The G2 phase is the last stage of the cell cycle, cells continue to carry out normal functions, and additional growth occurs. which is like players getting ready to start training camp.
The majority of the cell cycle is spent in Interphase during which the cell grows, just like a football team that grows and bonds together. Like how players get ready for the season, the cell gets ready for Mitosis during the prophase.
In metaphase, the chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell, just as as the teams line up on the line of scrimmage before any given play.
In the anaphase chromosomes are separated into chromatids and move in separate directions. It can be compared to the team separating into positions.
Telophase is the final phase of mitosis; it is when two new nuclei form around the chromatids at each pole, just like in football, the offense and defense, both huddle.
Cytokinesis is the physical process of cell division, which divides the cytoplasm of a parental cell into two daughter cells. The daughter cells can be compared to the offense and defense of the football teams.
The end of cytokinesis marks the end of the mitotic phase.